What is Closure ?

In Node.js, a closure is a function that has access to variables in its outer (enclosing) function, even after the outer function has returned. In other words, a closure allows a function to “remember” the environment in which it was created, and access variables in that environment, even if the variables are no longer in scope.

Closures are a powerful and commonly used feature in JavaScript, and they are particularly useful in Node.js, where asynchronous programming is the norm. In this blog post, we will explore closures in Node.js and demonstrate how they can be used in practical applications.

Let’s start by creating a simple function in Node.js:

function logMessage(message) {

This function takes a message as an argument and logs it to the console. Now let’s create a closure that uses this function:

function createLogger() {
  const name = "LogicSpark";
  return function logToConsole(message) {
    logMessage(`[${name}] ${message}`);

Here, we have defined a function called createLogger() that returns a new function called logToConsole(). logToConsole() is a closure that has access to the name variable in its outer function, createLogger(). When we call createLogger(), it returns the logToConsole() function, which we can then use to log messages to the console.

To use this closure, we can create a new variable and assign it the value returned by createLogger(), like so:

const logger = createLogger();

Now we can call logger() with a message as an argument, and it will log the message to the console with the name “LogicSpark” prepended to it:

logger("Hello, world!");
// Output: [LogicSpark] Hello, world!

This is just a simple example, but closures can be used in much more complex ways in Node.js. For example, they are often used in asynchronous programming to create callbacks that have access to the state of the program at the time they were created.

In conclusion, closures are a powerful and useful feature in Node.js that allow functions to “remember” their environment and access variables in that environment even after the function has returned. By using closures, we can create functions that are more flexible and can be used in a variety of different contexts.

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